With the bang of a gavel, our leaders approved a 15-year plan to curb one of the world’s biggest headaches: poverty. The Sustainable Development Goal 1, alongside 17 others, was set by the UN on September 25, 2015, and is contained in chapter 3 of Agenda 21 of the Sustainable Development Summit of 2015.
According to the UN, poverty is the inability to get opportunities and choices, a violation of basic human rights and dignity. It translates to the lack of capacity to participate in society effectively. It is the inability to provide health care to a family, the lack of enough food and clothe for the children, the lack of a job to earn a living or enough land to grow food, and the inability to access credit. It means powerlessness, insecurity and individual, household and community exclusion. It implies vulnerability to violence, and it often means living in fragile or marginal environments, short of clean water and sanitation.
SDG 1 Offers a Complex Challenge
Agenda 21 emphasises that poverty is one of the most complex and multidimensional problems, originating from both the national and international domains. There doesn’t exist a common solution for global application. Instead, country-specific approaches to curb poverty and coordination of national and international efforts, in addition to the parallel procedure of creating a conducive international environment, are vital for a way out of this problem.