The word ‘development’ is widely used to refer to a specified state of advancement or growth. It could also be used to describe a new and advanced idea or product; or an event that constitutes a new stage under changing circumstances.
Generally, the term development describes good change. But how do you tell which change is good?
In this regard, researchers explain three ways that the term ‘development’ is used:
Here, the term is used to describe how desirable a society or a region is, possibly with regard to what it can become
This refers to social change that occurs over extended periods of time due to inevitable processes. For instance, it is widely believed that both communism and capitalism are an inevitable outcome of progress.
This refers to deliberate action to change things for the better, as with providing aid to alleviate hunger
All of these are definitions of development, but when it comes to distinguishing between nations that are more developed than others, or when describing some other international aspect, usually more meaning is implied in the word.
So, how do you tell what country is more/less developed than the other?
In terms of wealth, it is perhaps easier to identify countries that are richer or poorer than others. However, the typical indicators of wealth only reflect the amount of resources available to a specific society.