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The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

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MDGs meet government efforts to join the European Union

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia was granted the status of European Union (EU) candidate country in December 2005.  The main focus for the country is to meet the requirements of the European Union accession process, in particular the challenges related to the strengthening of economic and social cohesion, an objective which is also the foundation of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).  The first MDG Report was produced in 2005 following a consultative process involving the government, academia, civil society, and United Nations organizations.  The Report set nationally adjusted targets aligned with global MDGs, but reflecting national development priorities.  Given the national priority of becoming a member of the European Union, the Report drew some parallels between the MDGs and EU social agenda framework and incorporated some of the EU social indicators (known as the Laeken indicators).

A national MDG Committee was formed, composed of representatives of all stakeholders.  To ensure consensus on national targets and indicators, a civil society MDG platform was established and several forums on the MDGs were organized.

The Report highlighted that poverty and social exclusion are increasing because of the slow transition process.  Other challenges are related to: employment, lower education enrolment and attrition of vulnerable groups, mainly Roma; reduction of perinatal mortality (the largest share of the infant mortality rate); practical application of the legislation for equal gender opportunities and improvement of health care for women; access to HIV/AIDS services; and health hazards posed by industrial hot spots.  In addition, the need for improved data collection was stressed, particularly disaggregated data, to better harmonize the MDGs and European Union integration.

The process of preparing a mid-point MDG report has been initiated, with the purpose to take stock of the achievements made and measure progress against the envisaged targets.  Preparation of the report will be used as a unique opportunity for the national partners, UN agencies and broader community to revisit the trends and assess if adjustments in the sectoral policies and measures are necessary.  The report is expected to be released at the end of 2008.

Given the importance of adapting nationalized MDGs to local needs, UNDP embarked on localizing MDGs. The goal was to ensure the integration of local priorities into the national MDG targets and indicators. Using a human rights-based approach, seven MDG based local development strategies have been adopted by municipal councils or are in the process of finalization.

Last updated 25 August 2008

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Map of The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia in MDG Monitor


The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Total population
(millions):
2.0
Surface area
(sq. km):
25,713
GDP per capita
(PPP US$):
7,146
GDP growth
(annual %):
3.1
Human Development Index
(Rank 1 - 177):
66
Life expectancy at birth
(years):
73.4
Population below PPP $1 per day
(%):
2.0
Net enrolment ratio in primary education
(% both sexes):
97.2
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita
(metric tons):
5.1320
Unemployment, total
(% of total labor force):
37.3

NOTE: The MDG data presented here is the latest available from the United Nations Statistics Division. The World Bank has recently released new poverty estimates, which reflect improvements in internationally comparable price data. The new data estimates set a new poverty line of US$1.25 a day and offer a much more accurate picture of the cost of living in developing countries. They are based on the results of the 2005 International Comparison Program (ICP), released in first half of 2008. Country-specific poverty estimates will be released by the World Bank in late 2008