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On track for the Goals, and poised to achieve both social and economic progress

The government has fully endorsed the Millennium Declaration Goals (MDGs) by implementing a broad-based effort to combat poverty, illiteracy, hunger, gender inequities, infant and maternal mortality, and the degradation of the environment, backed by its resolve to achieve a global partnership for development.

The first National MDG Report, published in 2005, details the results of this effort, especially in terms of the eradication of poverty, universal education, and the enhancement of equality between men and women. Steady progress continues to be made in improving indicators for health, efforts to halt the spread of HIV/AIDS, and protecting the environment. Algeria is poised to achieve most of the established objectives by 2015.

The results obtained in the eradication of extreme poverty and in reducing unemployment (from 27 per cent in 2001 to 12.3 per cent in 2006) are due mainly to an upsurge in economic growth together with public investment programmes adopted by the Government, including a national plan for rural and agricultural development, a 2001-2004 programme for underpinning the economic revival, and the complementary programme for sustaining growth (2005-2009), one of whose components is based on the development of regions in the south and the high table-lands in an effort to reduce regional disparities.

Maternal mortality has shown a significant decline from 117 per 100,000 live births in 1999 to 96.5 in 2005, and the level of infant mortality has improved, reaching 30.4 per 1,000 live births.

There was good progress in the education of girls. Parity between the sexes has essentially been achieved at the primary school level, and the proportion accounted for by girls exceeds the proportion of boys at the secondary and higher education levels. Since its independence in 1962, Algeria has made school education for children a constitutional right, and almost a quarter of the State’s annual budget is allocated to the education sector. In April 2007, the Government adopted a strategy (2007-2010) for the eradication of illiteracy, notably among women.

Algeria has embarked on a long-term process of achieving sound social and economic progress. One essential is job creation, in order to accommodate population growth as well as the entry of growing numbers of young people and women into the labour market. The improvement of the quality and enhancement of the accessibility of social services, such as education, training, health, housing, water, and urban transport are also priorities.

Last updated 1 November 2007

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Population below PPP $1 per day
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NOTE: The MDG data presented here is the latest available from the United Nations Statistics Division. The World Bank has recently released new poverty estimates, which reflect improvements in internationally comparable price data. The new data estimates set a new poverty line of US$1.25 a day and offer a much more accurate picture of the cost of living in developing countries. They are based on the results of the 2005 International Comparison Program (ICP), released in first half of 2008. Country-specific poverty estimates will be released by the World Bank in late 2008