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Burkina Faso

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Good results in school enrolment and child health attributed to local programmes

Since its adoption in 2000, the Poverty Reduction Strategy Framework (PRSF) has undergone annual evaluations. The 2003 evaluation led to an in-depth revision of the PRSF as well as of its implementing arrangements to bring these into line with the latest trends in the economy. This revision has resulted in an increase in the number of priority sectors and readjustment of strategic features so as to mainstream the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and to regionalize the PRSF. In addition, the revision of the implementing arrangements has made it possible for the private sector and civil society to play their full role in this process. To make the PRSF operational, a Program of Prior Actions (PAP) for implementation has been adopted. This revision has marked the transition towards a second-generation Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) that is aligned with the MDGs and is securely based on the sectoral development policies of the country. The 2007 needs assessment exercises undertaken by the national administration showed that the financing required for achieving the MDGs will amount to approximately 200 USD per person for the period 2005-2015.
 
Thanks to the implementation of sectoral policies in the spheres of education, health care, water and sanitation, substantial headway has been made with regard to achieving the MDGs:
• Significant progress has been made in the primary school enrollment ratio – an increase of approximately 20 percentage points over ten years;
• The rate of access to drinking water increased from 43.1 per cent in 1994 to 74 per cent in 2005; 
• The rate of HIV/AIDS prevalence, which was 7.2 per cent in 1997, has stabilized at approximately 2 per cent since 2005;
• The infant mortality rate (infants between one month and one year old) decreased from 107 per 1,000 live births in 1996 to 81 in 2003. 
  
The most important limitations and constraints relate to:
• Adult literacy – despite the perceptible increase that has been recorded over the past two years, the literacy rate in 2009 will not reach the target of 40 per cent as established by the ten-year plan for the development of basic education (PDDEB).
• Nutritional status – the nutritional status of children under five years of age has not sufficiently improved over the course of the past ten years. Some 35.9 per cent of children under five years old suffered from retarded growth in 2007.
 
In order to address these challenges, the Government of Burkina Faso has created an Inter-Ministerial Committee.  The achievement of the MDGs will also depend on the extent to which policymakers are capable of bringing about a reduction in gender inequality, curbing population growth and diversifying the economy.  A policy for the energy sector should also be implemented.  In the context of Burkina Faso's current situation, the achievement of the MDGs also depends on raising grants from Burkina Faso's technical and financial partners in order to ensure the sustainability of the foreign debt. 

Last updated September 2008

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Map of Burkina Faso in MDG Monitor


The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Total population
(millions):
14.8
Surface area
(sq. km):
274,000
GDP per capita
(PPP US$):
1,322
GDP growth
(annual %):
5.6
Human Development Index
(Rank 1 - 177):
174
Life expectancy at birth
(years):
50.7
Population below PPP $1 per day
(%):
27.2
Net enrolment ratio in primary education
(% both sexes):
47.8
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita
(metric tons):
0.0812
Unemployment, total
(% of total labor force):
N/A

NOTE: The MDG data presented here is the latest available from the United Nations Statistics Division. The World Bank has recently released new poverty estimates, which reflect improvements in internationally comparable price data. The new data estimates set a new poverty line of US$1.25 a day and offer a much more accurate picture of the cost of living in developing countries. They are based on the results of the 2005 International Comparison Program (ICP), released in first half of 2008. Country-specific poverty estimates will be released by the World Bank in late 2008