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Proportion of population living in poverty reduced by half in past four years

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) provided an overall framework for the State Programme on Poverty Reduction and Economic Development (SPPRED) in Azerbaijan. This was Azerbaijan’s first poverty reduction strategy paper (PRSP), from 2003 to 2005. The process of relating the MDGs to the country context started with implementation of the SPPRED/PRSP, which provided a mechanism for localizing MDGs. The MDGs were debated in a parliamentary session, given media coverage and discussed across the country through a participatory process facilitated by regional Town Hall meetings. The joint SPPRED/MDG progress reports provided overviews of the advances made towards achievement of the MDGs and helped align the national Goals with the SPPRED/PRSP. These were some of the first joint MDG/PRSP progress reports ever produced in any country.

Building on the first PRSP, the Government has formulated the draft State Programme for Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development to end in 2015, which sets out the policy priorities for meeting its poverty reduction and sustainable development targets aligned to the localized MDGs. The priorities were established in the course of a participatory process. The new SPPRSD is awaiting government approval.

The Programme’s strategic goals are likely to continue to be similar to the priorities of the previous SPPRED/PRSP which were: (a) the facilitation of an enabling environment for growth of income generating opportunities; (b) maintenance of macro-economic stability; (c) improvement in the quality of, and equity in access to, basic health and education services; (d) improvement of infrastructure; (e) reform of the existing system of social protection; (f) improvement of the living conditions and opportunities of the refugees and internally displaced persons; (g) promoting gender equality and (h) ensuring environmental sustainability. The UN has also been strongly advocating for Azerbaijan to adopt a 9th national MDG on good governance.

Within the framework of the ‘One UN’ approach and in cooperation with other donors, the United Nations system in Azerbaijan has provided support to the Government since 2001 in the formulation, implementation and monitoring of its poverty reduction and economic development strategies and in the localization, reporting and achievement of its MDGs. These efforts have contributed to the proportion of Azerbaijan’s population living in poverty being reduced by half, from 45 per cent in 2003 to 16 per cent in 2007, according to official statements.  

Last updated 30 July 2008

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Total population
Surface area
(sq. km):
GDP per capita
(PPP US$):
GDP growth
(annual %):
Human Development Index
(Rank 1 - 177):
Life expectancy at birth
Population below PPP $1 per day
Net enrolment ratio in primary education
(% both sexes):
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita
(metric tons):
Unemployment, total
(% of total labor force):

NOTE: The MDG data presented here is the latest available from the United Nations Statistics Division. The World Bank has recently released new poverty estimates, which reflect improvements in internationally comparable price data. The new data estimates set a new poverty line of US$1.25 a day and offer a much more accurate picture of the cost of living in developing countries. They are based on the results of the 2005 International Comparison Program (ICP), released in first half of 2008. Country-specific poverty estimates will be released by the World Bank in late 2008