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Armenia

MDG Profile:
 

National ownership of the MDGs
 
Interest in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) grew with introduction of the concept of MDG nationalization, with the monitoring indicators of the poverty reduction strategy paper (approved by the Government in 2003) laying a foundation for localization of MDG targets and indicators. Based on this framework and building on the momentum gained in the course of the preparation of the first and second national MDG reports, and taking advantage of the findings of an independent non-governmental organization report entitled “MDGs in Armenia: Localization issues”, a national MDG framework was formed to broaden discussion and consolidation of issues related to localizing MDG targets and indicators.

MDG localization in Armenia entails setting more ambitious goals. This is particularly true of education (MDG 2), which, in the case of Armenia, goes beyond the primary level towards universal education. It is also true of gender equality (MDG 3), which emphasizes gender equality in terms of women’s participation in politics and decision-making. MDG 7 was also localized and incorporated the water management issues of Lake Sevan, reflecting its regional significance, which goes beyond Armenia’s national borders. Armenia views MDG 8 as a road map for increasing development aid and using it more efficiently. The country has committed to ensuring appropriate levels of good governance, political rights and responsibilities, and human rights protection.

The national report on MDG progress was prepared in 2005 through the joint efforts of the Government, civil society, international organizations and the United Nations organizations in Armenia. It aimed to increase the level of awareness on MDGs and their attainment, create national accord around the Goals, and reaffirm the political will of the Government and development agencies to achieve them in Armenia. At the same time, the report supported the review of the poverty reduction strategy paper (PRSP) and MDG monitoring and evaluation. The PRSP review is currently under way and is expected to be adopted by the Government at the fall of 2008. It will also report on progress towards the national achievement of some of the MDGs. MDG localization / Regional Frameworks development is initiated and will be finalized in the course of 2008.

Last updated 30 July 2008

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Data Map

Map of Armenia in MDG Monitor


The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Total population
(millions):
3.0
Surface area
(sq. km):
29,800
GDP per capita
(PPP US$):
5,797
GDP growth
(annual %):
13.4
Human Development Index
(Rank 1 - 177):
80
Life expectancy at birth
(years):
71.4
Population below PPP $1 per day
(%):
2.0
Net enrolment ratio in primary education
(% both sexes):
90.7
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita
(metric tons):
1.2052
Unemployment, total
(% of total labor force):
7.4

NOTE: The MDG data presented here is the latest available from the United Nations Statistics Division. The World Bank has recently released new poverty estimates, which reflect improvements in internationally comparable price data. The new data estimates set a new poverty line of US$1.25 a day and offer a much more accurate picture of the cost of living in developing countries. They are based on the results of the 2005 International Comparison Program (ICP), released in first half of 2008. Country-specific poverty estimates will be released by the World Bank in late 2008