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Argentina

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Rebuilding a country emerging from crisis

The Government of Argentina that came to power in 2003 focused on rebuilding an institutional, economic and social structure to correct unacceptably low levels of welfare among the population, especially among the most vulnerable members of society.

Within this framework of recovery the government, with the cooperation of the United Nations, is adapting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to reflect the needs and objectives of the country. Some address the specific situation of Argentina aiming at more ambitious goals in most of the dimensions and also by the incorporation of the chapter relating to Decent Work, reflecting the concerns of society and describing the tools considered to be necessary to achieve human development in its widest sense.

Compliance with the MDGs is monitored in the context of the National Council for the Coordination of Social Policies that reports to the Office of the President of the Nation. A number of provinces and municipalities have started localizing the MDGs, with methodological enhancements to overcome statistical restraints and showing efforts to identify linkages between public policies and the MDGs, as a planning tool.

Argentina is endeavoring to develop a set of tools that concentrates not simply on localization but also on giving the MDGs a human rights focus. Compared with 2003, when Argentina started to emerge from its economic crisis, the indicators reflect substantive improvement in all areas, including the parameters pertaining to Decent Work, incorporated by government initiative. But some indicators still lag behind, especially taking into account regional disparities, and as a result the choice of baseline is important. An additional problem for tracking performance of indicators lies in the lack of local statistical information in areas outside the major towns and cities. This complicates efforts not just to adopt and monitor compliance with the Goals, but also makes it more difficult to carry out diagnostic assessments. At present a joint program of cooperation is being designed with the participation of UN agencies. It intends to fortify the information systems for the planning, management and evaluation of public policies, that includes localizing and monitoring the MDGs.

Last updated 30 July 2008

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Map of Argentina in MDG Monitor


The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Total population
(millions):
39.5
Surface area
(sq. km):
2,780,400
GDP per capita
(PPP US$):
15,795
GDP growth
(annual %):
8.5
Human Development Index
(Rank 1 - 177):
36
Life expectancy at birth
(years):
74.3
Population below PPP $1 per day
(%):
6.6
Net enrolment ratio in primary education
(% both sexes):
99.1
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita
(metric tons):
3.6951
Unemployment, total
(% of total labor force):
9.5

NOTE: The MDG data presented here is the latest available from the United Nations Statistics Division. The World Bank has recently released new poverty estimates, which reflect improvements in internationally comparable price data. The new data estimates set a new poverty line of US$1.25 a day and offer a much more accurate picture of the cost of living in developing countries. They are based on the results of the 2005 International Comparison Program (ICP), released in first half of 2008. Country-specific poverty estimates will be released by the World Bank in late 2008