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Albania

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Building support for the MDGs from the bottom up

In Albania, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) provide a tool that enables national stakeholders to advocate for development and discuss priorities.  A series of regional advocacy tours, a parliamentary MDG resolution, along with national MDG reports, parliamentary briefing sessions, concentrated media attention, and effective advocacy efforts have inspired the country to localize the MDGs through regional development strategies.

This demonstrates how the MDGs can be used to build support from the bottom up, to assess local poverty challenges and to serve as an engine for comprehensive local development. A nationwide, consensus-building process led to the joint preparation of annual MDG reports together with national development strategy reports and one National Human Development Report on Pro-Poor and Pro-Women Policies.

In adapting the global goals to the context of Albania, a ninth national MDG emerged: good governance. In addition to good governance, UNDP Albania concentrates on poverty reduction, gender equality, and environmental sustainability. Following the advocacy efforts of the United Nations team and donor community in Albania in addressing unequal regional progress and growing disparities, the Government prepared the National Strategy for Development and Integration 2007-2013, based on a number of sectoral and cross-cutting strategies. All regions of the country will contribute in the effort to reduce social and economic disparities.

The coexistence of many strategies and agendas in Albania, in addition to the Millennium Declaration and European Union accession agendas, pointed to the need for an integrated planning system (IPS) that would harmonize the different, yet complementary development platforms. The main instrument in the IPS is the National Strategy for Development and Integration, specifically referring to integration into the European Union and North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The IPS connects all the strategies and agendas into a single system to make sure national priorities are reflected in the midterm budget plan.  Albania is the only country in Europe piloting United Nations Reform.

The “Delivering as One UN” programme in Albania was signed on 24 October 2007. The goal of the One UN Programme in Albania is to enhance development results and impact by bringing together the comparative advantages of the UN system within a single strategic programme. The Programme’s objective is to better support Albania in achieving its goals as expressed in the Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA) with the European Union, national priorities expressed in the National Strategy for Development and Integration and the Integrated Planning System, as well as the programmes of international partners, and harmonization and aid effectiveness in the context of the Paris Declaration. 

Last updated 30 July 2008

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Data Map

Map of Albania in MDG Monitor


The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Total population
(millions):
3.2
Surface area
(sq. km):
28,748
GDP per capita
(PPP US$):
5,733
GDP growth
(annual %):
5.0
Human Development Index
(Rank 1 - 177):
73
Life expectancy at birth
(years):
75.7
Population below PPP $1 per day
(%):
2.0
Net enrolment ratio in primary education
(% both sexes):
93.6
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita
(metric tons):
1.1720
Unemployment, total
(% of total labor force):
13.8

NOTE: The MDG data presented here is the latest available from the United Nations Statistics Division. The World Bank has recently released new poverty estimates, which reflect improvements in internationally comparable price data. The new data estimates set a new poverty line of US$1.25 a day and offer a much more accurate picture of the cost of living in developing countries. They are based on the results of the 2005 International Comparison Program (ICP), released in first half of 2008. Country-specific poverty estimates will be released by the World Bank in late 2008