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Angola

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Finding a long-term vision that will include the MDGs

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are defined in Angolan Poverty Eradication Strategy (Estrategia de Combate a Pobreza), as the overarching objectives of the national effort to eradicate poverty. The Strategy is a medium-term plan (2004-2008). Angola does not yet have an official long-term plan that would put the country on a definite track towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

The most noteworthy advance made in recent years towards attainment of the Goals is MDG 2: achieving universal primary education. Between 1999 and 2006, the net enrolment rate in primary schools grew from 47 per cent to 56 per cent. This is as a result of important government programmes that sought to develop social infrastructure, such as primary schools, as well as to set up initiatives such as the massive recruitment of teachers.

Angola emerged from a 30-year civil war in 2002. Although it is a natural resource-wealthy country, being the second-largest oil producer in sub-Saharan Africa (after Nigeria) and in fourth place in the production of diamonds, poverty is still widespread. Some two thirds of the population of Angola is poor, and a large proportion has no access to basic social services.

Infrastructure is being rebuilt and needs to be expanded. But capacities (both individual and institutional) are in desperate need of development in order to foster the efficient management of public goods and to provide the poor with more access to income and basic social services.

The country has the financial means to solve these problems. It needs, however, to enhance its institutional and technical capacity, for long term MDG-based planning and implementation of development programmes. In the case of Angola it is also important to accelerate the diversification of the economy for employment creation within the national strategy for poverty reduction.

Last updated 1 November 2007

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Data Map

Map of Angola in MDG Monitor


The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Total population
(millions):
17.0
Surface area
(sq. km):
1,246,700
GDP per capita
(PPP US$):
2,678
GDP growth
(annual %):
14.6
Human Development Index
(Rank 1 - 177):
161
Life expectancy at birth
(years):
41.0
Population below PPP $1 per day
(%):
N/A
Net enrolment ratio in primary education
(% both sexes):
50.3
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita
(metric tons):
0.5051
Unemployment, total
(% of total labor force):
N/A

NOTE: The MDG data presented here is the latest available from the United Nations Statistics Division. The World Bank has recently released new poverty estimates, which reflect improvements in internationally comparable price data. The new data estimates set a new poverty line of US$1.25 a day and offer a much more accurate picture of the cost of living in developing countries. They are based on the results of the 2005 International Comparison Program (ICP), released in first half of 2008. Country-specific poverty estimates will be released by the World Bank in late 2008