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Afghanistan

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Afghanistan and the MDGs

In September 2000, when the Millennium Summit was held at the United Nations General Assembly in New York, Afghanistan was still suffering from war and, hence, could not participate in the formulation of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).  The Government of Afghanistan endorsed the Millennium Declaration as well as the MDGs in March 2004.  Afghanistan, however, having lost over two decades to war, has had to modify the global timetable and benchmarks to fit local realities.  The rest of the international community defined the MDGs, to be attained by 2015, against a baseline of 1990. Because of its lost decades and the lack of available information, Afghanistan has defined its MDG contribution as targets for 2020 from baselines of 2002 to 2005.

Despite extreme poverty, ill health, and hunger, Afghans define the lack of security as their greatest problem.  Hence the government of Afghanistan has added this new goal to the eight global MDGs recognizing the critical role of peace and security in achieving the other MDGs.  

In Afghanistan, the MDGs will be the basis for the Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS). The UN Development Assistance Framework of UN agencies in Afghanistan is designed to support the national priorities through the ANDS.

Afghanistan has made tremendous progress in historic global partnerships: the Bonn agreement, pledges made in Tokyo and Berlin, London conference, and Paris conference.  Afghanistan will require extensive, predictable, and sustained international aid to meet these targets.

Achieving the MDGs in Afghanistan is not just a desirable developmental goal, but a necessity for the security of the country, the region and the world.

Last updated 30 July 2008

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Data Map

Map of Afghanistan in MDG Monitor


The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Total population
(millions):
27.1
Surface area
(sq. km):
652,090
GDP per capita
(PPP US$):
N/A
GDP growth
(annual %):
5.3
Human Development Index
(Rank 1 - 177):
N/A
Life expectancy at birth
(years):
42.1
Population below PPP $1 per day
(%):
N/A
Net enrolment ratio in primary education
(% both sexes):
N/A
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita
(metric tons):
0.0288
Unemployment, total
(% of total labor force):
8.5

NOTE: The MDG data presented here is the latest available from the United Nations Statistics Division. The World Bank has recently released new poverty estimates, which reflect improvements in internationally comparable price data. The new data estimates set a new poverty line of US$1.25 a day and offer a much more accurate picture of the cost of living in developing countries. They are based on the results of the 2005 International Comparison Program (ICP), released in first half of 2008. Country-specific poverty estimates will be released by the World Bank in late 2008